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One of the most popular new wave bands of the early '80s, the British group ABC built upon the detached, synthesized R&B pop of David Bowie and Roxy Music, adding a self-conscious, campy sense of theatrics and style. Under the direction of vocalist Martin Fry, the group scored several catchy, synth-driven dance-pop hits in the early '80s, including "Poison Arrow," "Look of Love," and "Be Near Me." During the late '70s, Fry ran his own fanzine, Modern Drugs, while he attended Sheffield University. ABC formed in 1980, after Fry interviewed Vice Versa members Mark White (guitar) and Stephen Singleton (saxophone) for his fanzine. The two musicians asked Fry to join their band as a vocalist, and he soon became part of the group; the lineup also featured drummer David Robinson and bassist Mark Lickley. Soon, Fry had taken control of the electronic band, steering them in a more pop-oriented direction and renaming the group ABC. By the fall of 1981, the band had signed a record contract with Phonogram Records, which agreed to distribute ABC's own label, Neutron. ABC released their first single, "Tears Are Not Enough," in November; it peaked at number 19 on the U.K. charts. Before they recorded their second single, Robinson left the band and was replaced by David Palmer in early 1982. Two singles, "Poison Arrow" and "The Look of Love," became British Top Ten hits in the spring, paving the way for their debut album, The Lexicon of Love, to enter the charts at number one. "All of My Heart" also became a Top Ten hit in the fall of 1982. Toward the end of 1982, the group began concentrating on the United States. Their American success was helped greatly by the fledgling MTV network, which aired videos for "The Look of Love" and "Poison Arrow" frequently, making both singles Top 25 hits in the spring of 1983. Palmer left the band in the summer of 1983, as ABC were recording their second album. Featuring a harder, rock sound driven by guitars rather than keyboards, Beauty Stab was released late in 1983. Supported by the number 18 single "That Was Then But This Is Now," the album didn't perform as well as the debut, peaking at number 12; the record was also a commercial disappointment in the U.S. Late in 1984, ABC -- now consisting solely of Fry and White augmented by various session musicians -- released "(How to Be A) Millionaire," which failed to put a halt to their commercial slide. Following its release, the duo moved to New York, where they added David Yarritu and Eden to the group; neither member could play or sing -- they were added for the visual effect. Released at the beginning of 1985, the light, catchy "Be Near Me" became a hit single in Britain, climbing to number 26. Due to the single's success, How to Be a...Zillionaire! became a Top 30 hit in both the U.K. and U.S. "Be Near Me" was released as a U.S. single toward the end of 1985 and it became the group's first American Top Ten hit. Even though they had a fair amount of success in 1985, ABC's subsequent singles stalled on the charts. Fry was also ill for most of the latter half of the year; he recovered in 1987 and began writing and recording with White. In the summer of 1987, ABC released "When Smokey Sings," which was a major hit, reaching number five in the U.S. and number 11 in the U.K. Alphabet City followed that fall, peaking at number seven in the U.K. and number 48 in the U.S. Two years later, they released Up, which only charted in the U.K. Absolutely, a greatest-hits collection, made it into the British Top Ten upon its release in 1990. Following the release of Up, Fry took an extended break from the music industry, returning in 1997 with a revamped ABC and a new album, Skyscraping, which was only released in the U.K. Shortly before ABC's comeback, England experienced a short-lived new romantic revival called Romo, which increased Fry's exposure substantially, in turn helping Skyscraping to earn good reviews and respectable sales. A live album followed in 1999, and several ABC reissues appeared during the 2000s, including a double-disc deluxe offering of Lexicon of Love. The drummer from that album, David Palmer, returned to the ABC lineup in 2004, and the band released an album of original material in 2008 entitled Traffic. They continued to play concerts and festivals, and in 2009 they played the entirety of Lexicon of Love at Royal Albert Hall with the BBC Orchestra conducted by album collaborator Anne Dudley. They did the same thing in 2012 to celebrate the 30th Anniversary of the album, performing again with Dudley, only at London Theatre Royal Drury Lane instead. That night while on-stage, Fry was struck by the idea that the album needed a sequel and soon after he began to assemble the songs and players to help make it a reality. Enlisting Dudley and producer Gary Stephenson, the album captured the sound and feel of Lexicon of Love, while Fry's ageless voice and wry lyrics made it feel like nary a moment had passed since 1982. The album was titled Lexicon of Love II and released by Virgin/EMI in May of 2016. ~ Stephen Thomas Erlewine
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Albums by

Top Songs by

  1.   Song
  2.   Be Near Me
  3.   The Look of Love (Part One)
  4.   When Smokey Sings
  5.   Poison Arrow
  6.   How to Be a Millionaire
  7.   All of My Heart
  8.   The Look of Love, Pt. 4
  9.   That Was Then But This Is Now
  10.   Living in My Heart
  11.   High & Dry
  12.   Show Me
  13.   15 Storey Halo
  14.   The Real Thing
  15.   The Love Inside the Love
  16.   Sensual
  17.   Lo Fundamental by Big Metra
  18.   Viva Love
  19.   Surrender
  20.   Into the Valley of the Heathen Go
  21.   Theme from "Mantrap"
  22.   Blame
  23.   Overture
  24.   Rhythm on the Radio
  25.   All That Matters
  26.   Satori
  27.   Say It
  28.   Unlock the Secrets of Your Heart
  29.   Who Can I Turn To?
  30.   Stranger Things
  31.   Skyscraping
  32.   Rolling Sevens
  33.   Paper Thin
  34.   I'm in Love With You
  35.   Never More Than Now
  36.   4 Ever 2 Gether
  37.   Date Stamp
  38.   Valentine's Day
  39.   Many Happy Returns
  40.   Chicago
  41.   Avenue Z
  42.   One Day
  43.   Jealous Lover
  44.   Ark-Angel
  45.   Think Again
  46.   Avenue A
  47.   Love Conquers All
  48.   United Kingdom
  49.   Unzip
  50.   Bite the Hand
  51.   King Money
  52.   Hey Citizen!
  53.   Beauty Stab
  54.   The Power of Persuasion
  55.   If I Ever Thought You'd Be Lonely
  56.   Love's a Dangerous Language
  57.   Between You and Me
  58.   Tower of London
  59.   Vanity Kills
  60.   Fear of the World
  61.   Alphabet Soup
  62.   Ocean Blue
  63.   One Better World
  64.   King Without a Crown
  65.   The Night You Murdered Love
  66.   S.O.S.
  67.   Tears Are Not Enough
  68.   The Greatest Love of All
  69.   North
  70.   A Christmas We Deserve
  71.   Letter by Ali
  72.   Loca
  73.   Peace and Tranquility
  74.   Welcome to the Real World
  75.   Spellbound
  76.   Where is the Heaven
  77.   Bad Blood
  78.   By Default by Design
  79.   So Hip It Hurts
  80.   What's Good About Goodbye
  81.   Me Gustas
  82.   A to Z
  83.   Minneapolis
  84.   Answered Prayer
  85.   Rage and Then Regret
  86.   This Must Be Magic

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